Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta Colombia

Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta Colombia is located in the northern part of Colombia. The park is the highest coastal mountain in the world.

The Siera Nevada de Santa Marta is very famous for the trekking to Ciudad Perdia (the Lost City). It’s a 5 day trekking throught the mountains of the Sierra Nevada the Santa Marta.

It’s a very special national park beacause of the culture you can find here. There are different indigenous groups like the Kogi, Arhuaco, and Kankuama. They treat the Park as the mother earth and they really live in harmony with the nature. You can have an exlusive visit to one of this groups.

There are two rainy seasons which range from May to June and September to November, but on its Northern slopes it usually rains every day. This highlight the importance of the Sierra in the production of water in the area, we find more than 32 rivers taking their source in the Sierra

The fauna is very diverse, birds like the White Eagle, Lone Eagle and the Condor, in addition to having approximately 100 species of mammals, 200 species of birds and 50 of reptiles in the warmer parts.

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Access to Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta

The city of Santa Marta may be reached by air, land, and sea. From Santa Marta, it is necessary to travel 42 kilometers on a dirt road, first to the township of Minca, then to Cerro Kennedy, and on to the San Lorenzo Experimental Station, approximately a one and a half hour ride.

Communities

At present the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is inhabited by the Kogi and Ijka Indians. The latter are also known as Arhuacos. Both conserve their myths and traditions. Two traditions from the past deserve to be highlighted: the job of the mamos and the coca ritual. The mamos, or mamas, are the priests and wise men of the community, who inherited the wisdom of their elders and exert religious power.

Fauna

Jaguars, tapirs, páramo deer, condors, curassows and the Sierra parrot are found among the fauna.

Flora

The biota of the massif (warm, cold, páramo and sub-páramo thermal floors) has a notable affinity with that of the Andes, especially the Eastern Mountain Range of Colombia.The flora of the park is quite varied: mastres, caracolíes, ceibas de leche, and wax palms stand out as gigantic trees.

Activities

  • Cultural contact
  • Birdwatching
  • Mountain climbing
  • Observation of wild fauna and flora
  • Archaeology
  • Hiking
  • Research and environmental education activities

Attractions

Several interesting sites for nationals and foreigners are visited in the course of the year:

  • Teyuna, or Lost City, stands out as the most important archaeological and historical finding in Colombia.
  • San Lorenzo Experimental Station.
  • Intepretive paths.
  • Dozens of waterfalls.
  • The Bolívar and Colón Peaks.
  • Indian settlements.
  • Cities: Santa Marta (Sea Feasts in July), Ciénaga (Caiman Feasts in January), and Valledupar (Festival of the Vallenata Legend in April).
  • The Banana region (The Macondo of García Marquez).
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